“Anything you can do I can do better.” That’s the name of the tune in the Philippines as the the country’s two telecommunication giants Globe Telecom and Smart Communications Inc. battle for Long Term Evolution (LTE) service dominance. When it comes to LTE Networks in Philippines – 2013 Forecast & Trends, the current state has 4G technology launched, with two vendors competing for bragging rights of the best service performance.
Like many other countries in South Asia, Malaysia is on the Long Term Evolution (LTE) track and garnering speed every day! Let’s take a closer look at just how near launching the country is with LTE Networks in Malaysia- 2013 Forecast & Trends. The Malaysian Communications and Multimedia Commission (MCMC) announced on December 5, 2012, the allocation of the highly-anticipated 2,600MHz wireless platform, which will pave the way for LTE and 4G launches for Maylaysian wireless customers. According to savemoney.my, This launch will allow wireless operators to offer mobile broadband speeds of up to 100 Mbps.
It’s a country ahead of the curve in many areas, but wireless innovation is not one of them. But don’t count them out just yet. One high-profile Thailand mobile operator is right on the cusp of launching Long Term Evolution (LTE), as promised. What is the status? Trial and error! Let’s dive into understanding the hold up for LTE Networks in Thailand – 2013 Forecast & Trends.
Long Term Evolution (LTE) in Singapore is locked, and loaded? The latter is not quite there yet, but wireless networks in the country forge on. Let’s cover LTE Networks in Singapore – 2013 Forecast & Trends. According to techgoondu, 4G technology launched in late 2012 and the challenge now is in convincing wireless users that LTE is a viable offering for smartphone users in Singapore. Wireless juggernauts in Singapore such as MobileOne (M1) and SingTel have both jumped on the 4G bandwagon, and launched LTE technology. The other big provider, StarHub has said it will launch LTE sometime in 2013. This year, the big push will be transferring 3G and other legacy wireless subscribers onto the 4G network.
We’ve dissected the growth and presence of LTE in the United States, but that doesn’t mean other countries are doing as much, if not more when it comes to launching the new technology. Let’s dive into the status of growth in other areas, specifically LTE Networks in Indonesia – 2013 Forecast and Trends.
Long Term Evolution is something we have all heard of, and hopefully understand. It is a complex technology with hefty goals, and when fully launched will make our wireless experience faster and more efficient. But there still may be questions you have or you may be planning to further your LTE knowledge, and need to know which LTE interview questions to ask. To help you navigate, we’ve listed some of the most frequently asked questions, when it comes to LTE. To make sure you feel confident and have an understanding at least at an introductory level, we’ve also provided answers to some of the most basic LTE-related questions. Here are some popular ones, according to LteWorld:
Understanding Long Term Evolution (LTE) can sometimes be difficult as the technology is very complex.
LTE Architecture Overview
When it comes to the EPS game, the bearer is the quarterback. The white paper notes that EPS uses these bearers to route IP traffic from a gateway in the pocket data network (PDN) to the user equipment (UE). A bearer is an IP packet flow with a defined quality of service (QoS) between the gateway and the UE. These bearers allow Internet access. They also run services such as Voice over IP (VoIP), and are often associated with a QoS.
LTE LTE LTE! It’s all we’ve been talking about. But as mentioned in previous articles, it is important to appreciate our past, GSM specifically. One integral part of the GSM network is the GPRS (General Packet Radio Service), a non-voice service added to existing TDMA networks, one of the 2.5G technology upgrades. TDMA is the underlying transport mechanism used by GSM networks. GPRS provides the transmission of IP packets over existing cellular networks.
We’ve discussed Long Term Evolution (LTE) in depth in terms of technological architecture, use, features, speed, etc., but we need to remember its predecessor. New technologies, LTE included, would not be the speedy giant it is today without learning from those technologies who lived before it. GSM is one of them. To successfully understand our future, we must understand our past.
With the continued massive rollout of Long Term Evolution (LTE) and more and more operators becoming obsessed with staying up to date, the issues of limited spectrum remains. Multi-layer heterogeneous network layout including small cell base stations are key for further enhancements of the spectral efficiency achieved in mobile communication networks. As operators move forward with this plan, inter-cell interference is becoming the limiting factor when it comes to achieving not only high average user satisfaction, but also when trying to achieve satisfaction for as many users as possible. Therefore, according to Nomor Research, researchers are focusing on inter-cell interference coordination (ICIC) when defining next generation mobile communication standards, such as LTE-A (LTE Advanced). But ICIC LTE itself is an issues that comes as no surprise.
Long Term Evolution (LTE) is a complex technology, and most of could use a hand understanding it. This can be helped with LTE Network Diagrams. But first, we need to establish a general definition of this new, vivacious network and its architecture. In order to provide today’s users with that fast connections, LTE relies on radio access and employs non-radio aspects with System Architecture Evolution (SAE), which includes the Evolved Packet Core (EPC) network. In Alcatel Lucent’s strategic white paper The LTE Network Architecture: A comprehensive tutorial, authors Sudeep Palat and Phillip Godin explain how together, LTE and SEA comprise the EPS.
Today, there actually are not many questions when it comes to the HSPA LTE debacle. The answer is clear, Long Term Evolution (LTE) is the future. Upgrading to LTE technology is part of the natural upgrade process. But, how do they differ? Let’s dig deeper into the HSPA or LTE conversation.
LTE (long term evolution) is everywhere and its time you understood the LTE basics. If you’re not already using your smartphone on this new and improved network, chances are you will be doing so soon. But before you can appreciate LTE, you must fully understand it. To help accomplish this, let’s go over the LTE basics.
Like any other wireless network, LTE (long term evolution) is only as good as its components. This means delivery of services is extremely important. This is now achieved with LTE MBMS (multimedia broadcast multicast services). LTE MBMS is a point-to-multipoint interface that delivers broadcast and multicast services, both within a cell and the core network. When it comes to broadcast transmission across multiple cells, LTE MBMS utilizes single-frequency network configurations. This will ensure more efficient delivery of applications such as mobile TV, radio broadcasting, file delivery and emergency alerts.
Call flow describes the process by which a network routes a call to a mobile device. Even LTE devices still use 3G networks for most voice calls. 3G call flow is different in a GSM network than in a CDMA network. In the United States, AT&T and T-Mobile operate GSM (Global System for Mobile Communications) networks, while Verizon Wireless and Sprint Nextel operate CDMA (Code Division Multiple Access) networks.
With Long Term Evolution (LTE), the pros most definitely outweigh the cons. This new and improved network will provide faster speeds and handle the ever-increasing data demands. Note every user, however, is ready for LTE. Both 3G and 2G networks are still in wide use and LTE must find a way to work with both, dealing with the handover that may arise.
We talk over and over again about the complex Long Term Evolution (LTE) and its many components. One of these components, known as the non-access stratum (NAS), is highest stratum of the control plane between user experience (UE) and Mobility Management Entity (MME) at the radio interface, as reported by LteWorld. (more…)
LTE Data Receives a Boost from Alcatel-Lucent 7750Alcatel-Lucent 7750 Set to Help with Increased Data Usage
For Long Term Evolution to be a true success, it not only has to be fast, but also has to play nice with friends. To address this, Alcatel-Lucent launched product Alcatel-Lucent 7750 Service Router (SR), a next-generation mobile gateway for LTE/4G. (more…)
LTE Architecture Overview to the RescueA Guide to Understanding the LTE Network Architecture, in a Way that Makes Sense
Today, LTE is on the tip of everyone’s tongues. It’s the up and coming, lighting fast data network we’ve been waiting for. When discussing LTE, however, there are many technical terms and many complexities. To help you better understand, an LTE architecture overview of the LTE network is helpful. Let’s break it down.
There is a defined call flow for Long Term Evolution (LTE) when it comes to the network architecture; however, there is also an LTE attach procedure within that call flow. This LTE attach procedure is an important part of the structure and deserve special attention.
Within the Long Term Evolution (LTE) network infrastructure are many LTE identifiers that help move things along. One of these identifiers is LTE APN. The help that APN brings is specifically important, as it is responsible for connectivity requests, which basically means it’s the one left asking for permission when it comes time to connect to another network. This is a constant and necessary task for the LTE network. (more…)
In life and especially in technology, everything evolves. Long Term Evolution (LTE) is not immune. In fact, for LTE, evolution is a good thing! (more…)
You may be familiar with Long Term Evolution (LTE) and what the goals behind the new technology are, but understanding the LTE architecture will extend your knowledge even further. The main purpose of LTE is to provide data lovers and users with that fast connection they crave.
When it comes to deploying 4G broadband wireless networks and deciding what to focus on, LTE quality of service reigns supreme. This new and improved network was designed to meet increased data demands. This means the LTE quality of service (QoS) must be top notch. A best case scenario would feature a highly-flexible QoS framework that is built to withstand future challenges.
As mobile network operators and carriers transition into Long Term Evolution (LTE) technology, they are faced with the challenge of marrying a successful, running network with increased capacity demands. They must also adhere to the core network architecture of 3GPP’s LTE wireless communication standard, known as System Architecture Evolution (SAE). LTE MME lends a hand.
What is the GUTI?
In LTE, the GUTI is the Globally Unique Temporary ID, and identifies the mobile device to the LTE network. The GUTI is assigned to the device by the Mobility Management Entity (MME), the access network’s primary control node. By allocating a temporary ID to the device, the MME maintains the security of the IMSI (International Mobile Subscriber Identification) when transmitting over radio interface.
With Long Term Evolution (LTE) comes a myriad of new and exciting attributes. One of these is the LTE call flow itself. In fact, call flow and signaling is unique for LTE, and is driven by 3GPP standards. Call flow is how signaling and sessions are created across an LTE network.